Regulation of the Holy Theological School of Halki
FROM THE PATRIARCHAL PRINTING SHOP
PUBLICATION NO. 26
Republic of Turkey
Ministry of National Education
Supreme Educational Council
Decision Number: 151
Decision Date: 25 September 1951
Regulation of the Holy Theological School of Halki
The Holy Theological School of Halki’s purpose shall be to educate the individuals who shall enter the ranks of the Holy Clergy.
The official establishment of the School shall be carried out by a person elected by the Holy Synod of the Patriarchate consisting of the Metropolitans of our local area and approved as per the mandate of the Turkish Ministry of National Education.
The School shall be consisted of a three-grade Lyceum and a four-grade specialized Theological Department. The graduates of the Theological Department shall be deemed to have received education equal to the education provided by Specialty Schools, offering training that shall last a minimum one year beyond the Lyceum. In the above two departments of the School education shall be offered free and both shall be boarding schools.
The Specialized Theological Department of the School and the Lyceum shall be managed by special competent Directors. The Director in charge of the Theological Department shall be automatically and directly in charge of the management of the Lyceum.
The administration, performance, instruction and discipline at the Department of Lyceum of the School shall be carried out per the provisions of the common Regulation applied to Greek Semi-High Schools and Lyceums, regardless of the provisions regulating the administration of the Theological Department.
In the Department of Lyceum all courses shall be taught as per the weekly hourly schedule followed in Greek Lyceums except the courses of Greek and Religion, the instruction hours of which have been determined in the hourly schedule attached to this Regulation.
In the Theological Department, lessons shall be taught as per the Curriculum and weekly hourly schedules attached to this Regulation
Regarding the administration, performance and instruction at the Theological Department
Duties of the Dean
The Dean shall be primarily responsible to make sure that matters of administration, performance and instruction at the School be in harmony with the Regulation and programme that the Ministry approved, as well as to uphold the standards of official Schools by keeping the required registers, books, tables and files.
The Dean shall elect, pursuant to the provisions regarding the Regulation of Private Schools, and, following the order, suggest to the Prefecture of Istanbul, the professors and clerks to whom duties shall be assigned at the School.
In the event the Dean finds himself in the position to have to dismiss any of the professors or clerks from their duties, he shall notify the Prefecture of Istanbul and submit the relevant reason for such action.
The Dean shall submit the Prefecture of Istanbul the Register of Diplomas in two copies for approval at the end of the school year and within the first month after the Graduation Exams. Within the first month of the new school year, the Dean shall submit the Register of Progress of students of the year before. The Dean shall be in charge of compiling these registries accurately and in accordance with the entries of the relevant records (entries in these registries shall be based on signed report cards issued by the respective Professors and Examining Committees submitted to the Directorate of the School).
The Dean shall inform in a timely manner, the Prefecture of Istanbul as to which courses terminate due to the departure or transfer or conscription or illness of the respective professors.
The Dean shall compile in a timely manner the documents, reports and statistical data sent to the respective Turkish authorities on designated dates.
In the event of emergency instances related to the School, the Dean shall notify the Prefecture of Istanbul immediately and without delay about the conclusion of the relevant investigation.
The Dean shall have the authority to grant one day- leave to a professor due to the death of a member of his family, or grave illness or another verified serious reason making it impossible for such professor to perform his duties, on the condition, though, that these daily absences shall not exceed three per school year. In the event the School shall not honour reasons given by professors to justify absences, payments corresponding to these days of absence shall be deducted. In the event non-justifiable absences exceed three days, this shall be reported to the Prefecture of Istanbul.
The Dean shall supervise the course of the work and observe the exact or non-exact application of the curriculum by regularly monitoring the lessons of professors.
When the Dean is absent from the School, one of the professors selected by the Dean shall substitute for him.
The School shall have one deputy, one secretary and accountant and one housekeeper.
The deputy shall behave according to the instructions defined by the Dean.
The secretary and accountant shall perform the accounting and paper work of the School, and besides the book of Proceeds and Expenses they shall also keep the protocol of the School of incoming and outgoing documents, and the register of employees, professors and staff, by keeping the relevant certificates in special files.
The housekeeper shall be responsible under the instructions received by the Dean, for the internal housekeeping of the School and keep the Book in which the furnishings of the School and the inventory of the incoming and outgoing foods shall be documented.
Library of the School
The Library of the School shall be directed by a Committee comprised of students under the supervision of the Dean.
The way in which the Library shall be used shall be ruled by a special Regulation, compiled by the Association of Professors
Treatises found within the Library of the School or in the hands of students used either for instruction or as ancillary material that shall be directed against the Turkish Homeland, the Turkish Nation and its regime, or inspire ideologies contrary to the Turkish establishment and its reforms or supply false information regarding Turkey and Turks or be immoral in nature, shall be prohibited. The Dean shall be directly responsible regarding this condition.
The Physician of the School and the medical services
The Physician of the School:
- In the beginning of each school year, shall examine the students, which come to the School for enrolment and should he discover health problems that hinder his attendance at the School, shall submit a report to the Dean regarding the health of such students.
- Each month, he shall subject all the students, one by one, to medical examinations and shall report on the health of each student his findings including the weight and height of each student. By separating the students whose health condition shall require special care, he shall determine the proper nourishing food and necessary medications and submit such list to the Dean. He shall frequently monitor the health condition of such students.
- Coming to the School every day at a time specified by the Dean, shall examine thoroughly the health condition of professors, employees, students and staff referred by the Dean, and reporting the condition of each in the specific book, he shall take appropriate measures. Should it be necessary, as deemed as such by the Dean, he shall examine professors and employees at home.
- Shall manage the Infirmary and Pharmacy of the School, and nurse the bed-ridden patients in the Infirmary; he shall also ensure the availability of necessary medications at the School.
- Shall regularly record in the Book of the Hospital the type of the illness of sick students, its duration, the measures taken for its cure and shall inform the Dean about everything. He shall list in the Book of prescriptions, by serial number, the content of prescriptions issued to patients.
- Shall look after the minor patients in the Infirmary of the School. With respect to the patients in need of long treatment and the ones attacked by infectious diseases and diseases with high fever, he shall make sure that they either be sent to their parents or check in at a hospital and, if necessary, a convalescent home.
- Shall inform, without delay, the Governmental or Mayoral doctor about the students or employees that suffer from infectious diseases.
- Shall oversee the purity and cleanliness of all the items that are to be consumed at the School, whether solid or liquid. He shall give his opinion regarding the diet. He shall regularly check if dishes are prepared well and whether they are tasteful.
- By regularly monitoring the classrooms, the dining room, the chambers, the resting areas and the other parts of the School, shall notify the Dean in writing about his recommendations on necessary health measures.
- By examining the persons hired to serve the needs of the School, he shall issue health certificates for them.
- Shall give lectures based on a diagram, reviewed by the Dean, in order to enrich the knowledge of students on health issues.
A student of the School, who shall be free of the infectious disease, shall be allowed back to the School after the submission of a health certification and medical examination by the physician of the School.
With regard to the students who shall be injured or suffer disability or serious disease at the School, the following shall take place:
- At the care of the Deanery, the student shall be examined by the medical physician in closest proximity to him, appropriate measures shall be taken and the situation shall be communicated immediately to the medical physician of the School and the Prefecture of Istanbul.
- In the event the transportation of a student to the hospital shall be deemed necessary, his transportation and hospitalisation in the nearest hospital shall be ensured without any disorder or discomfort; the instance shall be communicated telegraphically to his guardian and the whole situation communicated to the Prefecture of Istanbul.
Should there be a reason to refer the case to the Disciplinary Council, this shall be conducted with immediate effect to reach its conclusion and the Prefecture shall be notified.
The election, recommendation and appointment of competent Director and Professors shall be conducted pursuant to the provisions of the Regulation of Private Schools and the relevant general instructions given or to be given by the Turkish Ministry.
The Professors shall not only teach, but also take active part in matters of education at the School, examine and ascertain the spiritual and moral condition and conduct of the students and closely collaborate on this matter with the Deanery.
- In the beginning of each school year, shall compile a diagram distributing the curriculum per month, and give a copy to the Dean before the commencement of lessons.
- Shall proceed to lessons prepared and ensure that the students make use of the appropriate means and the Library of the School, so that students may follow better the subjects of lessons.
- Regularly communicating with the other Professors teaching the same class and consulting with them, he shall provide for the good instruction of students.
- In the end of each lesson, he shall enter in the respective Book and sign the lesson he taught and the subjects he re-examined.
- Shall record in the Notebook given to him by the Deanery the scores of oral and written exams.
- Should there be groups of classes and students, the management of which was assigned to him by the Association of Professors or the Deanery, he shall take care of them and fulfil the duties assigned to him by the Disciplinary Council.
- Coming to the School the day after the commencement of the new school year and the repeated exams, shall announce to the Dean his readiness to undertake his duties.
Professors, which shall not proceed to the School the day the school year begins to undertake their duty due to illness or very serious reasons, shall file their explanations within three days and the required written certification within one week.
Professors shall bring an official medical certification regarding the illnesses that require treatment and rest for more than one day; regarding illnesses that last only one day, they shall notify in writing the Deanery. Should this happen another time or three times within the same school year, it should be asked of them to bring medical certification.
Professors shall be required to participate as members of the Association of Professors in every official meeting at the School.
Similar measures will be applied to the Professors not participating in these meetings as to the Professors not showing up for classes.
It is the responsibility of Professors to protect the instruments and objects related to the lessons and the books of the School Library, and encourage their students to use them accordingly.
The Professors, taking advantage of their lessons and more particularly the National Holidays, shall make sure to inspire in their students the need to become good citizens and develop feelings of respect and love toward the Turkish Homeland, the Turkish reforms and the Turkish Regime.
Association of Professors
The Association of Professors shall convene under the presidency of the Dean regularly three times a year at least, and extraordinarily any time the Dean shall deem it necessary.
The Association of Professors shall monitor issues of behaviour, instruction and discipline at the School in general and the advancement of students and issues suggested by the Dean. On the agenda of the meetings of the Association of Professors it shall be possible for Professors to add issues, which they think important.
In the Association of Professors the discussion of issues of personal nature or unrelated to their work shall not be allowed.
Decisions made by the Association of Professors shall be recorded in special Minutes of Meeting and signed right away by the present members.
The Disciplinary Council, presided by the Dean, shall be comprised of four Professors, elected by secret ballot in the beginning of each school year by the Professors.
The Disciplinary Council shall be responsible to decide on violations that incur the following specific penalties and shall examine these cases after such have been referred by the Dean.
The Disciplinary Council, convened by the Dean, shall make the appropriate decisions regarding general order and discipline at the School.
The commitment by a student of a violation mentioned in article 2 of the Regulation of official Schools, inside or outside the School, shall be deemed an offense.
It shall be left to the discretion of the Disciplinary Council to decide whether to impose one of the below mentioned penalties to students should they commit a violation that is not included in the Disciplinary Regulation or cannot be related to any of the mentioned instances, or a violation viewed as misconduct that insults the common conscience.
The Deanery and the Disciplinary Council, in the process of imposing penalties to students at fault, shall take into consideration most particularly the nature of the violation, its level of severity, the overall conduct of the student inside and outside the School, the circumstances under which the misconduct took place and the psychological state of the student at the time he exhibited that behaviour.
The following penalties shall be imposed as punishment to students:
- Temporary Suspension
- Permanent Suspension
The penalties of remark and reprimand shall be imposed by the Dean or the Disciplinary Council. The penalty of temporary suspension from the School shall last at minimum three days and maximum one week.
Only the Disciplinary Council shall impose the penalties of temporary and permanent suspension.
The repetition of the same offense shall bring about the aggravation of the penalty.
Students who have received remarks three times in the same school year shall be penalized with reprimand.
The score of the conduct of students who have been penalized with reprimand shall be lowered by one grade.
Students who have been reprimanded three times in the same school year shall be penalized with temporary suspension from the School.
The score of the conduct of students who have been penalized with temporary suspension shall be lowered by four grades.
Students who have been punished with suspension from the School twice during the same year, taking into account the nature of their offenses, as well as their general conduct inside and outside of the School, shall be permanently suspended.
At the decision of the Disciplinary Council, when a student whose score on conduct has been lowered due to the imposition of a penalty, shall prove that he has improved his attitude and conduct, his score shall be restored by one or more grades.
Disciplinary decisions and acts related to the students shall be recorded in their respective Register.
The Disciplinary Council in the end of each school year, examining the scores of conduct of students, shall present the relevant findings to the Association of Professors, ratified along with the scores for their advancement to the next class.
Advice and remarks on the part of Professors or the Dean to a student - inside and outside the classroom -, in order to encourage him to be industrious and improve his conduct, shall not be considered penalties nor shall they be subjected to the provisions of this Regulation.
Days off and vacation
School shall begin on the first Monday after September 15 and end in the end of May.
Lessons shall be instructed every day for four hours in the morning and three hours in the afternoon, while on Saturday only four hours in the morning.
Each lesson shall last 45'.
The School shall close on National Holidays and General Holidays provided by Turkish law, and also on the following noted days, aside from the summer vacation:
- November 30, feast of Apostle Andrew,
- From December 23 through January 7,
- January 30, feast of the Three Hierarchs,
- February 6, feast of Saint Photios,
- March 25, feast of the Annunciation,
- April 23, feast of Saint George,
- May 21, feast of Sts. Constantine and Helen,
- From Saturday of Cheese Fare to the evening of Clean Monday,
- The Saturday of Lazarus,
- The Holy Week and week after Easter,
- The Day of the Lord’s Ascension,
- On Monday of the Holy Spirit and
- The feast of H.A.H. Name Day.
(There are no dates listed for the as above 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 noted Feasts because these are moving Feasts, the date of observance of which varies per year and is dependent on the date Holy Easter is celebrated, which is also a moving feast. The dates of observance of these holidays shall be communicated to the Prefecture of Istanbul in the beginning of each school year, by way of special correspondence.)
Acceptance and enrolment of students
The School shall accept Lyceum graduates having completed their 17th year of age and not over 22 years old who shall prove to be adjustable to the clergy way of life.
For students of foreign citizenship, there’s no age limitation. Foreign students, though, over 22 shall be instructed in special classes.
Students who wish to be enrolled in the Theological Part of the School shall submit the following certificates:
- Lyceum Diploma
- I.D. card, for foreigners residence card,
- Certificate of health and vaccinations,
- 4 photos (dimensions 4.5 x 6).
The acceptance of students of foreign citizenship shall take place at the permission of the Turkish Ministry of Education.
Students shall be obligated to indicate a guardian residing in Istanbul, recognized by the School as possessing the qualifications and able to provide for the education and upbringing. Students unable to indicate a guardian in Istanbul shall be undertaken by the Dean.
Tests and exams
The performance of students shall be determined:
- On the basis of the opinion formed by the results of written tests given in class in the end of each month on the material covered during the month, and the results of written examinations given in each class – save the last one – in the end of semesters covering the material of the semester and
- On the basis of the result of the conducted examinations.
Students shall be obligated to compile written or verbal exercises on theological issues and prepare written sermons. These exercises shall constitute the practical part of the courses taught them.
Sermons shall be recited in the Holy Church of the School, and copies of these and of the remaining special exercises shall be handed in the end of the school year to the Dean and filed with the archives of the School.
All exercises and tests shall be conducted in writing.
A student being deceitful or taking part in acts amounting to deceit at tests or exams shall be considered as having failed them. These students shall be subjected to appropriate measures per the disciplinary provisions.
The respective professor shall administer half yearly exams. Exams for students taking them at a later time or postponed due to an obstacle, as well as exams for graduating students, shall be administered by the respective professor together with the Dean.
The table that lists the dates of the diploma exams to be administered shall be communicated to the Prefecture of Istanbul at least 10 days prior to such exams.
The scores on monthly tests and examinations, based on the score Ten, shall be the following:
- 10—9 Excellent
- 8—7 Very well
- 6—5 Well
- 4—3 Moderately
- 2—1 Badly
- 0 Zero
Students shall not receive fractional grades. In the calculation of the grade point average, the resulting halves and fractions over half shall be equated to a unit. Fractions smaller than half shall be disregarded.
The duration of the school year shall be estimated by counting the days during which the School operates, from the day of commencement of lessons to the end. Holidays and days on which the School was closed on account of any reason shall not be counted.
Should a student not attend class for a number of days equalling two thirds at least of the duration of the school year, regardless of his grades, such student shall be deemed as having failed and not advanced.
Only in the event a student could not satisfy the limit of school attendance due to illness or surgery, then he may be deemed as having satisfied this limit, if and so long as:
- his score on conduct has not been lowered,
- ἔχει συμπληρώσει τό ἥμισυ τουλάχιστον τῆς διαρκείας τοῦ σχολικοῦ ἔτους καί ἔχῃ βαθμούς μηνιαίους ἀνωτέρους τοῦ καλῶς,
- he submitted in a timely fashion and according to the requirements official medical certification attesting to his illness, and
- the Association of Professors has formed the opinion that he is a diligent student.
Students who will have to take the exams on a later date shall be free to decide whether they want to take them or not. Should they take the exams, though, and fail, they shall be deemed as having used the right to attend in that year.
Exams are distinguished into:
- Exams of semester,
- Exams administered at a later time and postponed exams due to obstacles,
- and, graduation exams.
The school year shall consist of two semesters.:
- The first semester shall begin on the first Monday following September 15 and run through the last day of January.
- The second semester shall begin on February 21 and run through the last day of May.
Exams shall be administered on February 1-20, for the 1st semester and on June 1-20 for the 2nd semester.
Semester exams shall be conducted in a classroom selected by the Dean and the responses of students shall be written on paper bearing the seal of the School.
The subjects of semester exams shall be given by the respective Professor in conjunction with the Dean and raffled by the students.
Semester exams of students, monitored and graded by the respective professor, shall be handed to the Dean along with the report cards.
Students who shall not take the 1st semester exams either due to illness attested to by the required medical certificate, submitted to the School prior to the exams, or due to obstacle deemed as such by the School, shall take them at the latest during the second half of May; students not having taken the exams of the 2nd semester, shall take them in September.
Students, excluding those graduating in the current year, shall advance by way of a decision of the Association of Professors based on the grade point average of the semester exams.
Students may be required to take the exams again though they may have received scores adequate for advancement during the school year, if they have scored lower than five on semester exams.
Students who shall receive scores not lower than 5 on tests and exams shall be considered successful.
Students who shall fail in four courses on the exams of the 2nd semester shall not advance.
In the end of the school year, each student shall receive the school report.
Exams at a later time and exams postponed due to obstacles
Students, who fail maximum three courses in the exams of the 2nd semester, shall be admitted ten days prior to the commencement of the following school year to be examined again.
Students, who shall not take the exams or take them but fail even one course, shall not advance.
Students who shall not take the exams administered at a later time either due to illness attested to by the required medical certificate, submitted to the School prior to the exams, or due to obstacle deemed as such by the Deanery, shall be admitted to take these exams to be administered 15 days after the commencement of the School. There shall not be administered any more exams after these.
The lessons of the last class shall end in the end of April so that students shall prepare for the graduation exams.
The graduation exams shall be administered from the second week of May to the end of June.
Before the exams, the students of the last class shall hand the Dean their theological thesis, the subject of which shall be elected from a list given by the Professors.
Last class students shall not take semester exams. Students instead shall take graduation exams on all the courses taught them.
The score of the Diploma shall be represented by the average of the monthly scores of the school year and the scores of the graduation exams, the Theological Thesis and tests.
Students who shall fail maximum three courses and the ones who shall be ill - the illness shall be attested to by the required medical certificate submitted to the Deanery prior to the exams – and, therefore, unable to participate in the graduation exams, shall be admitted to take such in September.
Students who shall fail in more than three courses or even one of the later exams or shall be completely unable due to illness to take the later exams, shall have the right to take the exams on all courses four times within two years in the months of June and September, without having to attend classes.
Students already ordained who shall fail these exams shall be given a certificate by the School showing their failure in the graduation exams; failing students not ordained shall be obligated to pay the expenses incurred for them at the School during all the years of their schooling.
Students, who shall do well in the graduation exams and have been already ordained, shall receive their Diploma, drawn up according to the applicable type. Graduating students, though, who have not been ordained yet, shall receive their Diploma only if they shall be ordained or pay for School expenses incurred for them throughout their schooling.
Common provisions regarding the Lyceum and the Theological Department
Students of the Theological Department shall, either during their schooling at the School or within three years from their graduation date, enter the Clergy order after ordination.
From the students of the Lyceum and the Theological Department, the ones who shall voluntarily depart from the School, the ones who shall be suspended or the ones who shall not want to be ordained within the timeline defined in article 86, shall be obligated to pay the expenses incurred for them throughout their schooling at the School. Exempt from this provision shall be students who shall be forced to leave the School due to illness that is either incurable or shall require long-term treatment.
Students of the Lyceum and the Theological Department who shall not advance in two consecutive years shall be expelled from the School. These students shall be obligated to pay the expenses incurred for them throughout their schooling.
Details not provided for by the provisions of this Regulation, shall be carried out pursuant to the communication given by the Prefecture of Istanbul.
ANNEX TO THE REGULATION OF THE THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL IN HALKI
Ratified by the decision of the Supreme Educational Council of the National Ministry of Education no. 190, of August 29, transmitted to the School by document no. 3)105830, of September 10, 1952, of the Directorate of Education in Istanbul
Instruction of the Turkish language to foreign students who do not know it
Foreign students who do not know the Turkish language shall be assigned in classes at School according to their studies in their native country.
These students who shall not be subjected to the provisions of the basic Regulation regarding the instruction of Turkish Literature and encyclical Turkish courses shall be subjected to the following terms in the following articles:
- Foreign students shall be obligated throughout the duration of their schooling at the School to complete the special series of courses of Turkish lessons.
- These special series of courses are three:
A', B' καί C'.
- The duration of each series of the special courses is one year.
- The weekly instruction hours of the first two series are per six. An hour of series shall be dedicated to exercises of reading, speech and writing on texts taken from books of History and Geography written in Turkish and corresponding to the ability of the student. These exercises shall be determined in conjunction with the curriculum in a way that shall strengthen the instruction of Turkish.
- These special series of Turkish shall aim at rendering the student able to read, write and speak the Turkish language, impart in him the Turkish Education and knowledge and teach him Turkish Literature, Geography and Sociology through the programme included in this Regulation.
Failure in any series of lessons shall not affect the advancement to a higher class.
A student can enter the graduation exams of the Theological Department so long he has successfully satisfied the three series of Turkish lessons.
The student who has completed the three series shall be obligated beginning with the class he shall be in after the completion, to attend as listener the course of Turkish language and Literature and participate in all the events of the class.
The exams of these special lessons shall be conducted in the second half of May, on a date that shall be specified by the Deanery.
Three people shall conduct the exams: the professor teaching the special lessons and two professors teaching Encyclical Turkish lessons, elected by the Association of Professors.
The determination of the scores shall be calculated on the basis of general provisions.
The tables that list the scores shall be compiled in triplicate, one of which shall be sent to the Directorate of Education and the other two kept by the Directorate of the School in a special File.
WEEKLY HOURLY SCHEDULE OF THE COURSES OFFERED IN THE HIGH-SCHOOL DEPARTMENT
WEEKLY HOURLY SCHEDULE OF THE COURSES OFFERED IN THE THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT
|5||History of Autocephalous Churches||-||-||-||2|
|8||History of Dogmas||-||-||-||2|
|10||'Old Testament Exegesis||1||1||1||1|
|11||New Testament Exegesis||2||2||2||2|
|18||Introduction to Old Testament||2||-||-||-|
|19||Introduction to New Testament||2||-||-||-|
|20||History of Philosophy||3||3||-||-|
|21||History of Religions||-||-||2||-|
|24||Encyclopedia of Theology||2||-||-||-|